The Diagnostic Medical Sonography (SONO) concentration courses offered at the University of Hartford serve to enhance the professional skills of individuals who are currently certified by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) or equivalent. Additionally, the courses may be applied to the advanced science and medicine concentration or used as upper level science courses for those individuals enrolled in the baccalaureate degree program as radiography or health science majors. Students who successfully complete all the SONO concentration courses will receive a Diagnostic Medical Sonography certificate. The completion of the academic and clinical components of the SONO concentration should serve to help prepare the student for the certification examination in Diagnostic Medical Sonography as administered by the American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers (ARDMS).
The program accepts qualified students into a 12 month, 23 credit sequence of courses that provide both classroom instruction and clinical experience. Classes begin in late spring, generally in mid-May, with completion of the classroom instruction the following spring. Completion of clinical requirements may extend beyond the spring semester and is determined by individual student progress. The following courses are the requirements of the program. Please note the pre-requisites.
SUMMER SEMESTER 1
Pre-requisites: ARRT certification in radiography (or equivalent), current CPR certification, and appropriate state licensure or permission of instructor.
SONO 400 Foundations of Ultrasound 
This course is designed as the introduction to ultrasound technique, protocols and procedures. An overview of equipment use and transducer choice is included. Introduction to the practical skills of ultrasound are presented. This prepares the student for their first clinical experience.
Pre-requisite: Satisfactory completion of SONO 400
SUMMER SEMESTER 2
SONO 460 Ultrasound Clinical 1  This course is designed to be the introduction to clinical experience for the sonography student. During the summer rotation students will rotate through our clinical affiliates 5 days a week for 6 weeks. Students will be under the direct supervision of an ARDMS certified sonographer.
Pre-requisite: Satisfactory completion of SONO 400 and 460
SONO 420 Abdominal Ultrasound  This course is didactic with laboratory experiences which will outline the anatomy and pathology of the abdomen. Protocols and procedures will be introduced. Image formation will be explored as well as archiving.
SONO 410 Ultrasound Physics 1  This course forms the basis of understanding the physical principles of sound, ultrasound, sound wave physics, and image production. Information processing and artifact elimination will be an essential component of this course
SONO 465 Ultrasound Clinical 2  This course follows the introductory clinical course and advances the student's practical skills in ultrasound. Clinical competency evaluations are performed during this course
Pre-requisite: Satisfactory completion of SONO 410, 420, and 465
SONO 425 Obstetric and Gynecologic Ultrasound  This course is a didactic with laboratory experiences which will outline the anatomy and pathology of the pelvis. Protocols and procedures will be introduced. Image formation will be explored as well as archiving.
SONO 411 Ultrasound Physics 2  This course follows ultrasound physics 1 and introduces the student to advanced techniques including Doppler imaging. Ultrasound therapeutics and elastography will also be discussed.
SONO 470 Ultrasound Externship  This course is the final of 3 clinical courses and is designed to allow the student sonographer to act in the clinical sphere as the primary caregiver of ultrasound services under the supervision of an ARDMS certified technologist.
For specific information on the certificate and course schedule, contact Clinical Director, Gerard C. Buffo at 860.768.5207 or firstname.lastname@example.org.