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Use a semicolon to separate two independent clauses that are not joined by a conjunction:

  • Boston is two hours northeast of Hartford; New York City is two hours south.

Place a semicolon before an adverb used transitionally between independent clauses:

  • Some students arrived late; however, they were still able to register on time.

Separate items in a series with a semicolon when they contain internal punctuation:

  • January consists of 31 days; February, 28; March, 31; and April, 30.

A semicolon is not interchangeable with a colon. Check carefully which you have typed on the keyboard: the colon requires the shift key; the semicolon does not.