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Academic Degrees

Academic degrees are capitalized only when the full name of the degree is used, such as Bachelor of Arts or Master of Science. General references, such as bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree, are not capitalized.

  • He earned a Bachelor of Arts in 2015.
  • She earned a bachelor’s degree in 2015.

Abbreviations such as BA, MS, and PhD should be used in text only when there is a need to identify many people by academic degree and use of the full names would be cumbersome. 

In most writing, use of the general terms bachelor’s or bachelor’s degree; master’s or master’s degree; and doctorate or doctoral degree are preferred to use of the full name of the degree or initials.

Use an apostrophe (possessive) with bachelor’s degree and master’s degree, but not when stating the full name of the degree, such as Bachelor of Arts or Master of Science. Do not use an apostrophe (possessive) with associate degree or doctoral degree.

Only those with an MD are referred to as Dr. and then only on first reference. 

When listing names of alumni, the bachelor's is the default and needs no letter next to the year. Include "A" for associate, "M" for master's, and "D" for doctoral.

  • Joe Smith '73
  • Mary Jones A'90, 92, M'99

Omit periods in abbreviations of academic degrees, unless required for tradition or consistency. For example, the University Bulletin has always used periods to abreviate degrees in the faculty listings.

The following degrees are currently, or have been historically, offered by the University of Hartford:

Abbreviation Degree
AA Associate in Arts
AAS Associate in Applied Science
AASCET Associate in Applied Science in Computer Engineering Technology
Art Cert Art Certificate
Art Dipl Art Diploma/Artist Diploma
AS Associate in Science
BA Bachelor of Arts
BET Bachelor of Engineering Technology
BFA Bachelor of Fine Arts
BM Bachelor of Music
BMEd Bachelor of Music Education
BS Bachelor of Science
BSBA Bachelor of Science in Business Administration
BSCE Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering
BSCmpE Bachelor of Science in Computer Engineering
BSE Bachelor of Science in Engineering
BSEE Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering
BSEET Bachelor of Science in Electronic Engineering Technology
BSME Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering
BSN Bachelor of Science in Nursing
CAGS Certificate of Advanced Graduate Study
Cert Certificate
Dipl Diploma
DMA Doctor of Musical Arts
DPT Doctor of Physical Therapy
EdD Doctor of Education
GPD Graduate Professional Diploma
MA Master of Arts
MAEc Master of Arts in Economics
MAEd Master of Art Education
MArch Master of Architecture
MAT Master of Arts in Teaching
MBA Master of Business Administration
ME Master of Engineering
MEd Master of Education
MFA Master of Fine Arts
MM Master of Music
MMEd Master of Music Education
MPA Master of Public Administration
MS Master of Science
MSAT Master of Science in Accounting and Taxation
MSI Master of Science in Insurance
MSN Master of Science in Nursing
MSOB Master of Science in Organizational Behavior
MSOP Master of Science in Organizational Psychology
MSPA Master of Science in Professional Accounting
MSPO Master of Science in Prosthetics and Orthotics
MSPT Master of Science in Physical Therapy
MST Master of Science in Teaching
PsyD Doctor of Psychology
6th-Yr Cert Sixth-Year Certificate