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State Abbreviations

  • Spell out state names in running text.
  • Abbreviate state names when used with town or city in photo captions, lists, tables, and short-form listings of political party affiliation.
  • Use two-letter postal abbreviations only in mailing addresses that include a zip code.
  • For headlines, avoid abbreviating states whenever possible.

Use traditional state abbreviations found in the table below rather than two-letter, capitalized postal codes in cases outlined above where abbreviations are acceptable.

Spellings are not abbreviated in running text.

State Abbreviation State Abbreviation
Alabama Ala. Montana Mont.
Alaska Alaska Nebraska Neb.
Arizona Ariz. Nevada Nev.
Arkansas Ark. New Hampshire N.H.
California Calif. New Jersey N.J.
Colorado Colo. New Mexico N.M.
Connecticut Conn. New York N.Y.
Delaware Del. North Carolina N.C.
Florida Fla. North Dakota N.D.
Georgia Ga. Ohio Ohio
Hawaii Hawaii Oklahoma Okla.
Idaho Idaho Oregon Ore.
Illinois Ill. Pennsylvania Pa.
Indiana Ind. Rhode Island R.I.
Iowa Iowa South Carolina S.C.
Kansas Kan. South Dakota S.D.
Kentucky Ky. Tennessee Tenn.
Louisiana La. Texas Texas
Maine Maine Utah Utah
Maryland Md. Vermont Vt.
Massachusetts Mass. Virginia Va.
Michigan Mich. Washington Wash.
Minnesota Minn. West Virginia W.V.
Mississippi Miss. Wisconsin Wis.
Missouri Mo. Wyoming Wyo.