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Nonpostal State Abbreviations

In running text, spell out the names of states when standing alone.

Use traditional state abbreviations rather than two-letter, capitalized postal codes when a city precedes the state: “The Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art is located in Hartford, Conn.”

Shorter state spellings are not abbreviated in running text.

State Abbreviation State Abbreviation
Alabama Ala. Montana Mont.
Alaska Alaska Nebraska Neb.
Arizona Ariz. Nevada Nev.
Arkansas Ark. New Hampshire N.H.
California Calif. New Jersey N.J.
Colorado Colo. New Mexico N.M.
Connecticut Conn. New York N.Y.
Delaware Del. North Carolina N.C.
Florida Fla. North Dakota N.D.
Georgia Ga. Ohio Ohio
Hawaii Hawaii Oklahoma Okla.
Idaho Idaho Oregon Ore.
Illinois Ill. Pennsylvania Pa.
Indiana Ind. Rhode Island R.I.
Iowa Iowa South Carolina S.C.
Kansas Kan. South Dakota S.D.
Kentucky Ky. Tennessee Tenn.
Louisiana La. Texas Texas
Maine Maine Utah Utah
Maryland Md. Vermont Vt.
Massachusetts Mass. Virginia Va.
Michigan Mich. Washington Wash.
Minnesota Minn. West Virginia W.V.
Mississippi Miss. Wisconsin Wis.
Missouri Mo. Wyoming Wyo.